Everything You Need To Know About Corona
- Apr 09 20
- Health Tips
The Corona Virus is a viral infection that was first discovered in the Chinese city of Wuhan, late 2019 and has taken the world by to the point that even the WHO (World Health Organization) has issued a worldwide emergency. In this article, you will find out what exactly the coronavirus is, how it may have spread, the symptoms, how you can prevent being infected, the statistics, and why I feel like it’s not as it is being made out to be.
The question arises, what is this virus and where exactly has it come from? Here are the simple nature and specificity of this virus. First things first, what is a virus? Viruses are infectious organisms that rely upon the cells in our bodies to replicate. A virus needs to enter our cells and hijack them to make copies of itself. They enter our cells by sticking to the outside of the cell, using viral proteins to recognize proteins made by the human cells. In the beginning, there were many rumors that the Corona Virus spread because of bat soups or other unusual animal foods, but the truth is, scientists are still working on finding the origin. There is a specific name assigned to this type of coronavirus and that is ‘2019-nCoV’, which stands for a novel, or new, Corona Virus. If we talk about the history and number of cases registered here, according to a survey, the first viral threat was reported on Dec. 31, from Wuhan, China. Governments and public health officials are desperately trying to slow down the rate of the respiratory virus with robust screening, quarantines and travel ban precaution measures. As infectious disease doctors and scientists track the threat, they are studying past outbreaks to determine what the new coronavirus will do next.
Symptoms and Cause
A coronavirus is a respiratory virus, which means it is a virus that infects the nose and the lungs. The coronavirus family is potentially zoonotic (able to jump between different species including humans). Spread Coronavirus (CoV) are a large family of the virus that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV), Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV) and pneumonia, as those infected with the virus are usually already diagnosed with pneumonia. They come from a broader group of viruses called RNA viruses, so their genetic material is carried on RNA molecules, not DNA molecules. This is important when it comes to thinking about we can find a cure for the virus. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans while MERS-CoV was transmitted from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
As nCoV is a respiratory virus, symptoms, in less severe cases, include a cold (blocked nose) and cough, and in severe cases, chest infection, pneumonia and death. It is also common for those diagnosed with nCoV to have a fever.
Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread from the virus include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing and thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
Is it anything like SARS, MERS or Ebola? The nCoV associated with this outbreak is somewhat similar to SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), which emerged in 2003, and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) which emerged in 2012. Both of these infections, SARS and MERS, are caused by coronaviruses and are respiratory infections. There is a big misconception about the Corona Virus and Ebola Virus; it is nothing like Ebola, which is caused by a different virus type altogether. Ebola spreads from person to person by contact with bodily fluids from infected individuals.
How many people have been infected and how many have died? There is not yet a solid record that has information about how many people have been infected yet. It is very difficult to estimate the number of infected individuals because of the changing nature of the epidemic.
But according to a survey, this is the total confirmed deaths up until 9th February 2020
- Total confirmed cases: 28,344.
- Total deaths: 565.
- Total recovered: 1,376.
Conclusion: Our Opinion
In my personal opinion, the mass hysteria the coronavirus has caused is not warranted, it’s an overreaction. Those that have died due to nCoV were either infected with even more severe diseases, such as pneumonia or had a weak immune system i.e. those old in age. More people have recovered than passed away so far too. To put it into perspective, so far the fatality rate of nCoV is 2%. Back in 2002, another virus by the name of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), also originated in China. 8,096 people were infected with around 774 SARS related deaths which is a 9.6% fatality rate; 500 times more than nCoV. The difference is that back then social media did not exist. This is a huge factor as to why the coronavirus is everywhere you go on the Internet and on every other media such as the news, newspapers, magazines, etc. This is because social media tends to over exaggerate everything.
To wrap it up, definitely visit a doctor especially if you have recently traveled to mainland China or any other country with official cases of nCoV. Also, be sure to keep the preventions mentioned in this article in mind.
Written by: Murjan Khan and Uzair Ghauri